ELD Comment Deadline Approaching

The Iowa Cattlemen’s Association encourages individuals to submit comments on the Electronic Logging Device (ELD) rule.

Earlier this week, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)held a meeting to announce that ag haulers will receive a 90-day extension to comply with the ELD mandate. The rule is set to go into effect December 18, but this extension temporarily exempts ag haulers and will allow the agency to analyze a long-term delay and review comments relating a request to delay the rule for livestock haulers. However, it is more important now than ever for the livestock industry to file comments telling FMCSA that the ELD rule will not make hauling livestock more safe and that we cannot be regulated under the same rules as other industries because our cargo is alive.

The ELD mandate would require most truckers to implement the use of electronic logging devices in place of paper log forms they currently use. In combination with restrictive Hours of Service requirements, this rule would severely limit the ability of livestock haulers to get cattle to their destination in a timely manner. 

The Iowa Cattlemen’s Association has submitted comments on behalf of its members, but it is crucial that as many comments are submitted as possible asking the DOT and FMCSA to amend the rule for livestock haulers. Comments are due by November 30.

For more information on how to comment and information to include in your comments, see the information below or contact JanLee at janlee@iabeef.org.

Four Quick & Easy Steps to Comment

It is crucial that as many comments are submitted as possible asking the DOT and FMCSA to give livestock haulers the extension. Comments are due by November 30, but submitting early increases the chance of getting the delay. So far, FMCSA has received less than 400 comments. They need more input to justify offering flexibility!

Submitting your comments is quick and simple, and we hope you will take action and encourage other livestock producers to do so as well. Below are details on how to comment and ideas on what to include in your comments. If you have any questions at all or need help submitting comments, please contact JanLee at janlee@iabeef.org or call (515) 296-2266.

How to Submit Comments:

  1. Click this link

  2. Click “Submit a Formal Comment”

  3. Complete the requested information

  4. Draft your own comment or copy and paste what is below and add your name

Key things to remember when writing and submitting your own comments:
  • This request is focused on delaying the ELD enforcement date specific to live animal haulers
  • ELDs are no safer than paper log books
  • Live animal haulers have a great track record of safety, which is supported by data
  • Live animal haulers are unique to the commercial motor vehicle industry – they haul living beings
  • Live animal haulers need more time to receive word of the ELDs and to benefit from agency outreach on the topic

Example Comment:

Feel free to submit this comment as your own or make changes or additions. Don’t forget to add your name at the bottom.

To Whom It May Concern:

As a cattleman, I am deeply concerned about the impending Electronic Logging Device (ELD) mandate.  I encourage the Department of Transportation to grant this request for exemption so that farmers, ranchers, haulers and the agency can take the appropriate steps to alleviate any unintended consequences that this mandate may have on the hauling of live animals.

The welfare and safety of the animals in transit, together with the safety of other drivers on the road, are the industry’s top priorities.  Unlike their counterparts driving conventional commercial motor vehicles (CMVs), most livestock haulers have participated in additional specialized training, including the beef industry’s Master Cattle Transporter (MCT) program and the pork industry’s Transport Quality Assurance (TQA) program , which provide instruction on proper animal handling and transportation methods. These education programs were developed by and are offered through the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

As reflected in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s (FMCSA) data, the emphasis these programs place on animal welfare benefits driver safety as it encourages livestock haulers to slow down, be more aware of their surroundings and road conditions and avoids rough-road situations that could result in animal injury.

In addition to general highway safety and accident prevention measures, these programs also focus on the primary underlying goal of the HOS rules: addressing fatigue.  Haulers are educated about driver fatigue prevention by stressing adequate rest, appropriate climate conditions in the cab, a healthy diet, and how to recognize the signs of fatigue.  These programs have resulted in marked success as indicated by major studies reviewed by FMCSA in developing its underlying HOS rules, showing that, comparatively, the livestock sector was one of the safest of the commercial hauling sectors.

For instance, the Large Truck Crash Causation Study, conducted by the FMCSA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Institute, showed that of 1,123 accidents involving trucks hauling cargo, a mere five involved the transportation of livestock.  Similarly, the report titled Trucks Involved In Fatal Accidents Factbook 2005, conducted by the Transportation Research Institute, shows that livestock transporters accounted for just 0.7 percent of fatal accidents.  The ELD mandate itself, which is the subject of this petition, does nothing to improve that record of safety.  Rather, it amounts to a radically inefficient paperwork exercise requiring expensive and complicated technology, prone to failure and mistakes, in place of the proven, long-standing and cost-effective method of logging hours already used by the agency.

Despite its being issued nearly two years ago, awareness for this rule among livestock haulers and the industry they support is low.  The lack of stakeholder outreach has led to a lack of awareness within the livestock industry, particularly among livestock drivers, about the rule.

Furthermore, by failing to reach out to the livestock industry, industry education and certifications programs like TQA and MCT do not include ELD compliance and use in their materials.  For instance, FMCSA’s recent change to include livestock in its interpretation of the 150-air mile exemption for agricultural commodities, a change that the industry strongly supports and appreciates, has raised many additional questions from livestock haulers who are unsure about the mechanics of the new exemption and even if it means they are exempt from the ELD mandate itself.

Granting a waiver and limited exemption from the ELD mandate for livestock haulers will enable FMCSA to reach out to livestock haulers effectively, allow for long-standing livestock transportation safety and training programs to make needed adjustments, and provide the necessary time for training livestock haulers on the use of ELDs.

Unfortunately, confusion and possibly misunderstanding over enforcement and how ELDs operate are causing significant concern within the livestock industry over apparent incompatibilities between the HOS rule and the realities of livestock hauling.  Many livestock operations are in remote, rural areas, routinely requiring long animal transport hauls.  These animals, when loaded onto trailers, are vulnerable to changes in temperature, especially temperature increases.  Industry guidelines mandate that drivers avoid any stops while hauling livestock, especially in warmer weather, as the trailers are designed to cool the animals down while in motion.  However, drivers who, for a variety of different reasons, reach driving-time limits while hauling animals will face a difficult decision: compliance with animal welfare laws and guidelines or compliance with FMCSA’s HOS rules.

Livestock haulers are accustomed to managing these priorities through planning, log books and notations in those books.  The emergence of ELDs is a new element to these procedures that must also be carefully implemented and managed.  The lack of effective industry outreach and education compounds these concerns.

Since the ELD mandate provides no increased safety over the current system of written log books – and a limited waiver of the ELD mandate for livestock haulers simply maintains the status quo and provides an equivalent level of safety from one of the safest sectors of the transportation industry – DOT and FMCSA clearly have the authority to grant this petition.

Granting a waiver and limited exemption from the ELD mandate for livestock haulers will enable FMCSA and the livestock industry to undertake the training and education necessary for livestock haulers to fully understand ELDs.  It will also provide an opportunity for FMCSA to develop livestock specific solutions to the underlying HOS concerns of the industry, while still maintaining safety on our roads.